Facial Analysis From Continuous Video With Applications To Human-computer Interface

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1;Contents;7
2;List of Figures;11
3;List of Tables;17
4;Preface;22
5;Acknowledgments;23
6;Chapter 1 INTRODUCTION;25
6.1;1. Facial Analysis for Human-Computer Interface;26
7;Chapter 2 INFORMATION-BASED MAXIMUM DISCRIMINATION;29
7.1;1. The Bayes Classifier;29
7.1.1;1.1 Two-class discrimination problem;30
7.2;2. Information Theoretic-Based Learning;31
7.2.1;2.1 Kullback-Leibler divergence;31
7.2.2;2.2 Nonparametric probability models;32
7.2.3;2.3 Learning procedure;33
7.2.4;2.4 Error bootstrapping;37
7.3;3. Fast Classification;38
8;Chapter 3 FACE AND FACIAL FEATURE DETECTION;39
8.1;1. Previous Approaches;40
8.2;2. IBMD Face and Facial Feature Detection;41
8.2.1;2.1 Multi-scale detection of faces;41
8.2.2;2.2 Facial feature detection;44
8.3;3. Discussion;46
9;Chapter 4 FACE AND FACIAL FEATURE TRACKING;49
9.1;1. Visual Object Tracking and Motion Analysis;49
9.2;2. Previous Approaches;51
9.3;3. Face and Facial Feature Tracking;52
9.3.1;3.1 Feature matching;52
9.3.2;3.2 Model fitting;53
9.3.3;3.3 Initialization;53
9.4;4. Global Head Position Analysis;56
10;Chapter 5 FACE AND FACIAL EXPRESSION RECOGNITION;59
10.1;1. Previous Approaches;60
10.1.1;1.1 Face recognition;60
10.1.2;1.2 Facial expression analysis;61
10.2;2. Modelling Faces by Facial Features;62
10.2.1;2.1 Class-conditional probability of the feature images;64
10.3;3. Modeling Temporal Information of Facial Expressions;65
11;Chapter 6 3-D MODEL-BASED IMAGE COMMUNICATION;67
11.1;1. Introduction;67
11.1.1;1.1 The Model-Based Approach;67
11.1.2;1.2 Model-Based Analysis;68
11.1.3;1.3 Model-Based Coding;69
11.1.4;1.4 Virtual Agent;69
11.2;2. Modelling and Analysis;70
11.2.1;2.1 Geometric Face Modelling;71
11.2.1.1;2.1.1 3D Surface Modelling;71
11.2.1.2;2.1.2 Generic Face Model from MRI Data;72
11.2.1.3;2.1.3 Face Geometric Model Fitting;73
11.2.1.4;2.1.4 Face Geometric Model Compression;75
11.2.2;2.2 Facial Articulation Modelling;76
11.2.2.1;2.2.1 Articulation Parameters;76
11.2.2.2;2.2.2 Model Deformation;77
11.2.2.3;2.2.3 Articulation Parameter Stream Compression;79
11.2.3;2.3 Synthesis;79
11.2.3.1;2.3.1 Environment Model;79
11.2.3.2;2.3.2 Texture Mapping;80
11.3;3. Analysis;81
11.3.1;3.1 Review of Past and Current Work;81
11.3.1.1;3.1.1 MBVC systems;82
11.3.1.2;3.1.2 Rigid Motion;82
11.3.1.3;3.1.3 Non-Rigid Motion;83
11.3.2;3.2 Tracking Rigid Global Motion;84
11.3.2.1;3.2.1 2D-3D Pose Estimation;84
11.3.2.2;3.2.2 Pose Optimization;86
11.3.2.3;3.2.3 Filtering and Prediction;87
11.3.3;3.3 Tracking Non-Rigid Local Motion;88
11.3.3.1;3.3.1 2D Motion Constraints;89
11.3.3.2;3.3.2 Model-Based Non-Rigid Local Motion Estimation;91
11.4;4. Model-based Video System Implementation;92
11.4.1;4.1 Tracking Non-Rigid Local Motion;93
11.4.2;4.2 Tracking System;94
11.4.2.1;4.2.1 Initialization;95
11.4.2.2;4.2.2 Tracking Loop;95
11.4.2.3;4.2.3 Head Modelling;96
11.4.3;4.3 Practical Implementation Issues;96
12;Chapter 7 IMPLEMENTATIONS, EXPERIMENTS AND RESULTS;99
12.1;1. Image and Video Databases;99
12.1.1;1.1 FERET database;99
12.1.2;1.2 CMU/MIT database for face detection;100
12.1.3;1.3 Face video database;101
12.2;2. Face Detection in Complex Backgrounds;103
12.2.1;2.1 Further comparison issues;106
12.3;3. Facial Feature Detection and Tracking;107
12.3.1;3.1 Facial feature detection;107
12.3.2;3.2 Face and facial feature tracking;118
12.4;4. Face and Facial Expression Recognition;118
12.4.1;4.1 Face recognition;122
12.4.2;4.2 Facial expression recognition;127
12.4.3;4.3 Model-based Video Coding;130
13;Chapter 8 APPLICATION IN AN AUDIO-VISUAL PERSON RECOGNITION SYSTEM;141
13.1;1. Speaker Identification Based on MFCC and GMM;142
13.2;2. Online Training of both Face Model and Speaker Model;143
13.3;3. Experimental Results;143
14;Chapter 9 CONCLUSIONS;145
15;References;149
16;Index;157
EAN/ISBN : 9781402078033
Publisher(s): Springer, Berlin
Discussed keywords: Digitale Bildbearbeitung
Format: ePub/PDF

Author(s): Colmenarez, Antonio J. – Xiong, Ziyou – Huang, Thomas S.

Download here: http://bit.ly/1bu4Lr2

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